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casa_del_popoloDuring the dictatorship of Ceausescu , the center of Bucharest was being represented by the huge House Of The People, a building with 12 floors, the largest in the world after the Penthagon.

In the historycal centre of Bucharest lied the Church of The Old Court from XVI Century. Inside this church you can find some frescos perfectly preserved.

ateneulNearby, lies Athenee Palace Hotel, encountering spot for the marking characters.The front was recently re-established and today is the most expensive hotel in town. In the West part of Bucharest lies Civil Cemetery Ghencea, the place where rests Ceausescu. His grave is ornate with flowers and canddles.

The New City is characterised by many squares , theese are the departure points for the most important streets and boulevards.

The two main streets are Balcescu Boulevard and Unirii Boulevard.They were changed during the 80`s under the rule of leader Nicolae Ceausescu.

bis_cretulescuOne of the most beautifull squares of Bucharest is Republic Square where Cretulescu Church rises up it`s spires, dating from 1722. Also Bucharest is a city filled with churches,especially Byzantian manner small ones. Example: Old Court Church, Antim Monastery (1715), Stravropoleos (1724) and Spiridon (1747). The Old Town was founded in 1500 near Lord Court and became the official residence of Romanian Country lords. The court was like a magnet for politicians, merchants and traders. Every group was living in a small community of this kind even names of the streets reflect social cathegories of people that lived there: Boiler Makers, Saddlers, ”Zafiri”, ”Cavafii Vechi”, ”Covaci”, Chandlers, Furriers etc.

In the seventeenth Century big taverns appeared to lodge the flow of travelling traders. Only The Tavern of Manuc survived until today. Despite the fact that this area is the oldest part in Bucharest, only a few buildings date from XIX Century. This happened because of a fire from 23 March 1847.Flames burned more than 200 buildings: 354 shops, 713 magazines, 10 hotels, 7 churches. Citizens from Bucharest rebuilt that area keeping the european architecture style but in the mean time they also kept romanian elements.


hanulluimanuc2But many historycal and cultural monuments survived time and bad weather :
The ruins of the Voivode Palace from French Street 24-31.Dating from XIV-XV Centuries , ruins were discovered by archeologists in 1958 and 1967-72.They are strongly build on the oldest mention of the city Bucharest , in Vlad Tepes document from 20 October 1459.Today , theese ruins evolved as a museum. „Great Announcing” or Saint Anthony Church built in 1659 by Hospodar Mircea Ciobanul , was once part of Old Court. Re-built after the fire from 1847 , this church is now the oldest church in Bucharest.Built in wallachian style , it`s apse still has the original frescos.You must admire the entrance carved in stone in 1715 in "Brancovian" style.

The elegant Tavern of Manuc includes ruins of Old Court, in North: powder chache is the Royal residence from XVIII Century. Built between 1804-1808, the tavern is strongly influenced by the traditional romanian style,with wooden balconies and groins sustained by wooden columns. Forerunner of modern hotels from Bucharest, Tavern of Manuc was completely restored in 1968-1970.

chiesa-principessa-bucarestNear this tavern, on Covaci Street 1, lies Old Cafe. So as it`s name, it is one of the oldest cafe in Bucharest (first mentioned in 1801).

The Lady`s Church lies on Victoriei Way, near the crossroad with Queen Elisebeth Boulevard.It was built in 1863 at order of Princess Mary , the wife of Reigning Serban Cantacuzino.This prince built Cotroceni church where today is the presidential residence.

Rammer far, towards east, on the I.C. Bratianu Street are no more or less but five remarcable monuments:

Coltea hospital and church, both built between 1699 and 1704 by the great warrior Michael Cantacuzino. The hospital is the oldest in Bucharest. Today`s building is dating since 1880. The tower of the church (finalised in 1714) rises above the city and serves as control tower for preventing fires. In 1888 the main street was expanded and the tower of the church has been destroyed together with West part of the hospital.

palazzo-sutu-bucarestElse afar, at no. 2 rises Sutu Palace, the actual residence of History Museum of Bucharest. Built between 1832 and 1834 by two Austrian architects, the building is filled up with neo-gothic elements. This is the only aristocratic house which survived until today. In 1862 the palace was decorated as we see it today by the famous painter and graver Karl Stork. Sutu family, which lived here was famous for the sumptuous parties given in town.

The New Saint George Church was built in the memory of the great romanian hero Reigning Constantin Brancoveanu (1866-1914), who was decapitated by Turkish people at Constantinopol together with his four children.His bones are now in the nave. The whole church war recently restored respecting the original style.

Baratei Church is the second catholic church built in Bucharest. Dating from 1672. On the top of the church is a tower with a bell wich has the same name, built in 1813.It stands like a guardian ready to protect it from evil spirits. You can admire today it`s classical style.

Last but not least, Coltea Tower managed to escape in perfect condition by the fire from 1847. The tower rises towards Bratianu Boulevard and Coltea, Cavafu Vechi and Saint George streets.

While royal residence and state buildings moved to the North at the beggining of XIX Century, the historical centre became an important point of trading, bankig and financial. Theese activities gave a modern aspect to this place. But hidebounded and wildly placed streets are still keeping their mediaeval aspect despite modern buildings near them.The place has a united style but every house has a specific charm. Majority was built to serve three interests: garages, shops, private places and every one has a different plan.

Amongst the most new buildings from the end of XIX Century are: Central Post Office (1900), External Comerce Bank, Development Bank, Trade Center,Romanian Bank (1890), Lafayette Galeries of Brunescu Galeries today`s Victoria Store. All theese are near Lipscani Street one of the most important streets from the historical centre of Bucharest.

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